Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd  Date: 2013-09-26  Views:

 

What is Cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular disease (heart disease )is caused by disorders of the heart and blood vessels, and includes coronary heart disease (heart attacks), cerebrovascular disease (stroke), raised blood pressure (hypertension), peripheral artery disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease and heart failure. The major causes of cardiovascular disease are tobacco use, physical inactivity, an unhealthy diet and harmful use of alcohol.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and they include:sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd heart attacks (coronary heart disease) – disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd stroke (cerebrovascular disease)- disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd congenital heart disease - malformations of heart structure existing at birth;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Symptoms of heart diseasesN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --Symptoms of heart attackssN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd pain or discomfort in the centre of the chest;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd pain or discomfort in the arms, the left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd In addition the person may experience difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath; feeling sick or vomiting; feeling light-headed or faint; breaking into a cold sweat; and becoming pale. Women are more likely to have shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, and back or jaw pain.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Symptoms of strokessN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd The most common symptom of a stroke is sudden weakness of the face, arm, or leg, most often on one side of the body.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Other symptoms include sudden onset of:sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd numbness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd difficulty seeing with one or both eyes;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd difficulty walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination;sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd severe headache with no known cause; andsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd fainting or unconsciousness.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Symptoms of rheumatic heart diseasesN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Symptoms of rheumatic heart disease include: shortness of breath, fatigue, irregular heart beats, chest pain and fainting.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Symptoms of rheumatic fever include: fever, pain and swelling of the joints, nausea, stomach cramps and vomiting.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd How to Prevent Heart DiseasesN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Very cost effective interventions that are feasible to be implemented even in low resource settings have been identified by WHO for prevention and control of heart diseases.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Heart disease and stroke can be prevented through healthy diet, regular physical activity and avoiding tobacco smoke. Individuals can reduce their risk of CVDs by engaging in regular physical activity, avoiding tobacco use and second-hand tobacco smoke, choosing a diet rich in fruit and vegetables and avoiding foods that are high in fat, sugar and salt, and maintaining a healthy body weight and avoiding the harmful use of alcohol.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Traditional Drugs and Daily Dosages for Treating Heart DiseasesN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --CaptoprilsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd initial dose 6.25 to 12.5 mg three times daily, increasing to 25–50 mg three times dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --EnalaprilsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd initial dose 2.5–5.0 mg twicedaily, increasing to 10–20 mg twice dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --NifedipinesN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Starting at 30 mg increasing to 120 mg once dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --HypdrocholorothiazidesN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Starting at 12.5 mg increasing to 25 mg once dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --BendrofluazidesN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd 2.5 mg as a single daily dose.sN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --PropranololsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd 80 mg twice dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --AtenololsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Starting at 50 mg to 100mg once dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --MetoprololsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd 50–100 mg twice dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --SimvastatinsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Initial dose 10 mg once at night, increasing to 40 mg once at nightsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --AspirinsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Starting at 75-100 mg dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --GlibenclamidesN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Starting at 2.5 mg increasing to 5 mg twice daily before mealssN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd --MetforminsN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd Starting at 0.5 g increasing to1.0 g three times dailysN7Shanghai Natural Bio-engineering Co., Ltd
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